DELAUNAY, JULES-ELIE (1828-1891),
French painter, was born at Nantes and studied under Flandrin
and at the École des Beaux Arts. He worked in the classicist manner of Ingres
until, after winning the Prix de Rome, he went to Italy in 1856, and abandoned the ideal of Raphaelesque perfection for the sincerity and severity of the quattrocentists. As a pure and firm draughtsman he stands second only to Ingres. After his return from Rome he was entrusted with many important commissions for decorative paintings, such as the frescoes in the church of St Nicholas at Nantes; the three panels of Apollo, Orpheus and Amphion at the Paris opera-house; and twelve paintings or the great hall of the council of state in the Palais Royal. His Scenes from the Life of St Genevieve
, which he designed for the Panthéon, remained unfinished at his death. The Luxembourg Museum has his famous Plague in Rome
and a nude figure of Diana; and the Nantes Museum, the Lesson on the Flute
. In the last decade of his life he achieved great popularity as a portrait painter.Source:Biographical entry in the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.